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Eternal Virtue: The Triumph of Faith in the Tapestry Gallery
Posted on 01/18/2016 by Joanne O'Sullivan Comments(5)
The tapestries you see in the Tapestry Gallery are part of a set referred to as The Triumph of the Seven Virtues, created in Flanders (now part of Belgium) between 1525-1535. Woven from wool and silk, these works were intended to show how the seven virtues−faith, prudence, charity, chastity, temperance, fortitude and justice−would always prevail over vice. No one knows exactly who commissioned the tapestries or where they hung, but it’s speculated that they would have been displayed in a European palace.
Multiple tapestries were created, but very few of them survived through the centuries, and there are no examples of the Triumph of Temperance still in existence. Examples of the remaining tapestries are housed in just ten collections across the world, including the Cluny Museum in Paris, the Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, England and The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. There are three in Biltmore’s collection, arranged from left to right in the Tapestry Galley: The Triumph of Prudence, The Triumph of Faith, and The Triumph of Charity.
The virtues are illustrated through biblical stories and symbols that would have been familiar to educated people in sixteenth-century Europe. But to twenty-first-century eyes, the meaning of the figures in the tapestry can be a bit mysterious. Here’s what we know about The Triumph of Faith, the tapestry in the center.
The Latin inscription on the top of the tapestry reads: Holy faith trusts in the divine work and devotes herself wholly to God with dutiful reverence.
The virtue of Faith is depicted as a woman holding a church, chalice and cross.
Below Faith are a few curious figures. The ‘winged man’ represents the human aspect of Christ, riding on a lion, representing both the apostle Mark and the resurrection. The ox represents the sacramental nature of Christ. The Eagle represents the apostle John. All four of these symbols were said to have been seen as guardians of the throne of God by the prophet Ezekiel.
In the upper left-hand corner of the tapestry, you can see a depiction of the story of Jacob’s ladder: an angel climbing into heaven. The ‘chariot of fire’ next to it represents the prophet Elijah. The blindfolded woman on the pedestal represents “old law.”
In the upper right-hand corner of the tapestry is the figure of James the Greater, who in medieval iconography was often depicted as an avenging knight riding into battle.
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Posted on 12/28/2017 By Kathy S
This is one of my favorite rooms! Thank you for detailing your Tapestries. Of the three tapestries that are in the estate, I see only Faith and Charity outlined in your blog. Will you be adding your third tapestry, Prudence? It would also be lovely to see an image of all seven Faith tapestries.
Posted on 07/25/2017 By Susan M
What is the meaning and/or significance of "EIDES" on the tapestry?
Hi Susan! Though it looks like "EIDES," it is actually "FIDES," which is Latin for “Faith." The female figure in the center is the personification of Faith. – Biltmore Blog Editor
Posted on 02/22/2017 By Zdenek H
On this tapestry there are two groups, each holding up a sign for the Old and New Testament respectively. While most of the inscriptions are in Latin, I find it rather peculiar that the Flemish weavers used the Slavic word for New – specifically the Bohemian spelling “Nový“, with its distinctive and quite unique diacritical accent above the letter y. I could not find any references to the ethnic origin of the artists themselves, not there appears to be a Latin word in existence meaning the same
Posted on 02/26/2016 By Joe S
The designer may have been inspired by Justicia, but the figure pictured here represents the Old Testament. The column she stands on is labelled "Old Testament" (in Latin, of course). The blindfold, broken staff, and upside-down tablets of the 10 commandments reflect the "old law" that, at the time, was believed to be superceded by the New Testament. The New Testament is also represented on the tapestry by a similar female figure on a matching column, holding a chalice and cross.
Posted on 02/16/2016 By Pamela T