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George Vanderbilt: A Modern Art Collector
Posted on 01/02/2018 by Amy Dangelico Comments(2)
From a young age, George Vanderbilt inherited his father’s passion for admiring and collecting art. While George was inspired by the earlier artists his father admired, he also supported more modern, progressive artists who embraced contemporary themes and new technologies.
Let’s take a look at a few of the pieces in the Biltmore House collection that speak to George Vanderbilt’s love of ground-breaking artists and their work.
1. Ignacio Zuloaga’s "Rosita"
On display in the Louis XV Hallway
Painter Ignacio Zuloaga drew from folklife and long-founded elements of Spanish painting—for instance, Rosita is lounging on a divan draped with a mantón de manila, an integral part of the costume worn by flamenco dancers. However, Zuloaga was also influenced by the philosophy and art of the French symbolists to explore different modes of expressing character and energy and encouraging personal interpretation. In this, the character and energy of Rosita is distinct; she is confident: a model at ease with being an object of beauty.
2. Pierre-Auguste Renoir’s "Young Algerian Woman" and "Young Boy with an Orange"
On display in the Breakfast Room
Renoir painted alongside fellow artists Monet and others to create a wholly new style concerned with capturing light, movement, and other optical effects. This Impressionistic approach to handling light, as well as Renoir’s unique style of composition, his use of underlying foundations and free brushwork, and his informal, intimate subject matter were all ground-breaking developments—represented in both Young Algerian Woman (above) and Young Boy with an Orange (feature image).
Fun fact: The Renoir paintings in the Biltmore House collection were likely among the first of his works in America!
3. Maxime Maufra’s "Vue du Port" ("View of the Harbor in Sunset")
On display in the Breakfast Room
Frenchman Maxmie Maufra travelled to England as a young man and devoted time to study the Romantic landscapes of Constable and Turner. While their dramatic skies and turbulent seas were impactful, his work clearly shows the influence of the Impressionist and Post-Impressionist schools in his handling of light and color.
4. Constantin Emile Menuier’s "Anvers" ("Antwerp")
Not currently on display
Inspired by his travels and exposure to the industrial region of Belgium, Menuier made an important contribution to the development of modern art by elevating the image of the industrial worker, dock worker, and miner to an icon of modernity. While he certainly wasn’t the first to explore the theme of workers and industry, his portrayal of labor and laborers in forthright, heroic fashion was an altogether new approach.
We are excited to continue George Vanderbilt’s tradition of supporting progressive artists and their work with Chihuly at Biltmore—the first art exhibition in our historic gardens and the first garden exhibition of world-renowned artist Dale Chihuly’s works in North Carolina.Return to Blog
Posted on 01/10/2018 By Erik J
The historical background of Biltmore from inception to fruition is so full of surprises! I enjoy, look forward to the back story of this great American treasure.
My question relates to items original to the estate. Did items get sold off before the opening as a living museum, if so have items made there way back from donations or purchase? Be nice to see how the Manor house was originally set up with this historical items.
Hello Erik, there is no evidence that anything was sold before Biltmore opened to the public. When it first opened, the tour through Biltmore was quite shorter, only about a dozen rooms were opened to the public at that time, but nothing had been removed prior to the public being invited for tours. We do know that one of the tapestries in the Library was changed, but that was likely due to disrepair and in any event, it was simply replaced with a new, “old” tapestry. – Biltmore Blog Editor
Posted on 01/10/2018 By David E
This image of Rosita shows her with armpit hair....does the painting have armpit hair again?
Hello David, nothing has been altered on the painting- Rosita remains in the same form in which she was first painted. Rosita was European, and armpit hair on women was, and often still is, a European style. – Biltmore Blog Editor