Preserving the Legacy of Cornelia’s “Baby Tree”
All Things Biltmore • 09/26/16
Written By Amy Dangelico
George and Edith Vanderbilt welcomed the arrival their first and only child—a daughter named Cornelia Stuyvesant Vanderbilt—in the late summer of 1900. In October of that year, a cucumbertree magnolia, known to botanists as Magnolia acuminata, was planted in Cornelia’s honor, just after her christening.
The cucumbertree is a deciduous magnolia with large oblong leaves. Unlike most other magnolias, its flowers are yellowish green and not very showy, causing them to often go unnoticed when they bloom in late May or early June. In its early stages, the green, fleshy fruit roughly resembles a small cucumber, hence the tree’s name.
Biltmore’s botanist, Chauncey Beadle, had collected the scarlet seeds of this indigenous tree found growing along the banks of the French Broad River near the estate. Beadle, who would later develop a close bond with Cornelia, propagated the seeds in the Biltmore Nursery.
“The seedlings resulting from this sowing were planted out in nursery rows, cultivated and pruned and eventually, placed along the roads and paths of the Estate with the exception of one tree, a particularly beautiful and thrifty individual, which remained on [sic] the nursery until chosen for the noteworthy occasion of which this writing bears record.”
The Planting Ceremony
The planting of the cucumbertree magnolia, known fondly as the “baby tree” or “Cornelia’s tree,” was a small and intimate event. The Vanderbilt family, Beadle, Dr. Samuel Westray Battle, and a few estate workers were the only attendants.
A 1900 Asheville Daily Citizen article states:
“The spot selected is in a beautiful grassy dell near Biltmore House. The tree itself, now but a sapling of twelve feet in height, is expected to be 60 feet above the ground when little Cornelia reaches the age of 20 years. A few years after that event, it is expected that it will reach a height of 100 feet. It lives centuries, and is one of the prides of our beautiful southern forests.”
The baby tree grew to be massive, standing proudly in the Azalea Garden, just below the junction of the two main paths leading into the garden below the Conservatory and greenhouses.
A Legacy’s Second Generation
After surviving more than a century, the baby tree succumbed to decay. Though a difficult decision, it was removed in September 2008. By that time, the cucumbertree magnolia—once a precious symbol of new life—had lost most of its bark and had just a few remaining branches.
Featured: The Planting of Cornelia’s Tree, 1900
Top Right: George Vanderbilt and baby Cornelia, 1900
Left: Cucumbertree Magnolia, second generation
Right: Second generation Cucumbertree Magnolia plaque